Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis

Using SysPrep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis

Chris Farmer Managed IT Support Services, Nutanix

Using SysPrep on Windows 2012R2

  • Build

    First install Windows 2012R2 Server.

  • Patch

    Install all Windows Patches. At least the Critical and Security updates.

  • Create Snapshot

    Take the first Snapshot before running SysPrep.

  • SysPrep

    Run SysPrep with the shutdown command.

  • Create New VM

    Clone the VM machine to a new machine.

  • Customise VM

    Now just changed the server name and add to the domain.

  • Maintain Template

    Ensure that you regularly update the VM with the latest patches.

I’m using SysPrep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis (AHV) and Prism by Nutanix to show how simple it is to create many new Windows 2012R2 Virtual Machine (VM) servers, when you are not using VMware or something else that does a lot of the hard work for you.

VMware provides enhanced capabilities when using a pre-created VM template. As those who know, it is then a simple matter of deploying a new VM from a template, giving it a name, which it normally gets from the name that you have provided and then you choose a few options and the new VM is built and potentially joined to the domain.

With Prism, I’m sure there are some fairly clever ways of doing this, but I’m no coder or script whiz, so I’m going to do it all via their rather nice GUI and a few manual steps.

Using SysPrep on Windows 2012R2 will not suit those who need to deploy hundreds of machines in continous cycles for heavy dev and test platforms.

Using SysPrep on Windows 2012R2 will provide those smaller business a way to deploy VM with less hassle than building a server from scratch using an ISO each time they need a new Server VM.

Build

Using SysPrep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis

Step 1 is to build your first Windows 2012R2 server. Most likely from an ISO.

patch

Once you have built your first Windows 2012R2 Server and patched it, you don’t need to join it to the domain, you are nearly ready to use SysPrep on Windows 2012R2.

Create Snapshot

Before using SysPrep on Windows 2012R2 command on this brand new server VM, you will want to make a Snapshot first.

I find this particularly useful, as I can then revert the VM to an earlier Snapshot that was not Sysprep’d and quickly patch to the latest updates.

To make this procedure repeatable, I Snapshot it once again, before starting the SysPrep command.

With the Nutanix platform and with de-duplication enabled, these Snapshots and Clones takes up very little space on the actual disk.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis - Snapshot before running Sysprep

Create a Snapshot

Within Nutanix Prism Web Interface, find the VM that you are going to use as your template.

Select the VM and then Click on Take Snapshot.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis - Snapshot before running SysPrep

Enter some text for the name of the Snapshot.

Make it descriptive so you can find it easily later on. If you are going to keep many Snapshots.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis -Snapshot name

Under VM Snapshots you can now see a list of snapshots.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis -Snapshot List

SysPrep

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis - Run Sysprep

Now we are going to run Sysprep on Windows 2012R2, this is very simple, just open a command prompt with Administrator rights and then ensure that you are in the correct folder

C:\Windows\system32\Sysprep

Then run

sysprep /generalize /oobe /shutdown

You will now see this little dialog appear on your Windows Server VM.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis - Sysprep running
Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis - Sysprep running- Server Shutting Down

The Server will then shutdown once the operation has completed.

You Template VM, is now complete.

At this point I normally create another Snapshot, something that I can roll back to if need be.

I personally normally tidy up, keeping the Snapshot that I did after patching the VM, but before performing the SysPrep on Windows 2012R2.

I also retain the Snapshot after SysPrep had completed and shutdown the server VM.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis -Snapshot left overpng

Create New VMs

Under the current Nutanix Community Edition that I am using, I have found that you cannot clone multiple new VMs from a VM Snapshot.

If you only wanted 1 new Virtual Machine, you could clone directly from the Snapshot, or if you plan to create multiple VMs at a time, you clone from the VM that we have SysPrep’d.

Clone from the Snapshot that you performed, after you ran Sysprep and the VM had shutdown.

Click on the your Virtual Machine, so that it is highlighted.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis -Cloning a VM

With the VM highlighted, Click on Clone.

Under General Configuration, Complete the information that you require to create a clone or multiple clone VMs.

If creating multiple, you can also define how many (1), a prefix (2), the starting number (3). You are also shown an example of what the VM display names will look like (4) within the GUI.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis -Cloning a Snapshot -Step 1

When you are happy with vCPUs, cores in vCPU and Memory, Disks assigned, Click on Save, this will submit the request.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis -Cloning task Submitted

Pretty quickly the new VMs will be shown in the GUI.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis -New VMs

Now you can power the VMs on.

As we are not using any fancy scripts, answer files and as I personally don’t require hundreds of VMs, maybe the occasional new Server VM, All I do now, is complete the standard 2012R2 installation.

Pretty quickly the new VMs will be shown in the GUI.

Choose your Region.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis - Location

Enter a Product Key

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis - Product Key

Agree to the Microsoft Terms.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis - Agreement

Set the Administrators Password.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis - Password

Change Server Name and Domain Membership

The final steps, that only take a few minutes in my experience, is to rename the Server and then add it to a domain.

Using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis -Changing Server Name and Adding to Domain

You can then install any applications or features/roles that that server will provide.

Maintain Your Template VM.

Now that you are creating new VMs from your Template, you will need to ensure that you periodically perform maintenance, like updating the latest Windows security and critical patches.

This is a simple case of reverting to the Snapshot you created before running the SysPrep command.

Power the VM on, then perform your maintenance.

Once complete, create a new Snapshot before performing Sysprep command.

Summary

When using Sysprep on Windows 2012R2, with Nutanix CE, AHV and Prism, this is all pretty quick and simple. For the smaller environments who may be looking at virtualisation and don’t want to pay for virtualisation and the annual fees that come with it, or don’t want to consume lots of disk space hosting Hyper-V. Nutanix, AHV and Prism provide a very cohesive platform to use.

AHV on a Nutanix platform can reduce your costs and if you are not a Service Provider, but a small to medium business, that does not need all the functionally that the other hypervisor vendors bring, but just require the basics, like High availability, the the combination of Using SysPrep on Windows 2012R2 and Acropolis by Nutanix will be some real would cost saving, as you now longer need to pay annual renewal fees.

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